Water Softeners Report


Water Softeners > Installation
  DIY vs. Professional
  Location & Preparation
  Valves & Pipes
  Power & Drainage
  Setup & Programming

The installation of a water softener is a somewhat involved procedure which requires some level of understanding of home plumbing and electrical components. The purpose of this section is not to provide an exhaustive step-by-step installation guide, as that will depend on your specific piping setup and water softener product, but rather to summarize the basics and highlight some key considerations.
Before beginning installation, the first step is to decide whether you want to do it yourself or utilize a professional.

This is a strictly personal decision. If you have any reservations or discomfort about doing it yourself, or lack experience, we would highly recommend that you retain the services of a qualified professional, such as a water softener company serviceperson or a local plumbing or water systems contractor.

If you do decide to undertake the installation yourself, the first step will be to identify the optimal location for the water softener. Generally, it is recommended that you place the unit in a protected, dry, level, shaded, non-freezing, and accessible location that is within five feet of the main water supply, within ten feet of a drainage area and within fifty feet of a power outlet.

Prior to installation, you will need to turn off the water main and drain the water lines, which you can do through the faucets. Once the water is off, you can then install the bypass valve to the control head and attach the inlet water lines to the water softener. Your unit should have all the necessary hardware, including nuts and washers, to complete this process. It should also come with a plastic brine tube used to connect the mineral tank to the brine tank.

You will then need to connect a drainage tube (either flexible plastic or PVC) to the appropriate drain connection on your water softener and run it out to the nearest drain. Make sure there is an air gap between the drainage tube and the drain to prevent reverse siphoning. This drainage will be utilized during the water softener's backwash cycle when debris is expelled from the mineral tank in the course of the regeneration process.

Finally, you will need to plug in the water softener to a power source. For this, you can either use the water softener's power cord or an extension cord that can reach to the nearest standard 3-pring grounded outlet. It is not recommended that the water softener be farther than 50 feet from the outlet.

Once all of the pipes, valves, tube and connections are in place, the final steps are to fill the brine tank with salt and then to program the unit for desired operation, as per the instructions which came with the product. At this point, water can be turned back on, but you should be careful and take time to make sure that everything is working as intended.

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